Gearbox ZF 5HP19

The 5-speed automatic transmission ZF 5HP19 was produced in Germany from 1994 to 2008 and was installed on many popular rear-wheel drive BMW models under the symbol A5S325Z. On Audi and Volkswagen models this gearbox is known as 5HP19FL or 01V, and on Porsche as 5HP19HL.

5HP family: 5HP18, 5HP19, 5HP24, 5HP30.

Specifications

Production years 1994 – 2008
Type automatic transmission
Number of gears 5
Type of drive front / all wheel / rear
Engine volume, l up to 3.0 (4.0)
Torque output, Nm up to 300 (370)
Recommended oil ESSO LT 71141
Oil capacity, liter 9.0
Replacing the oil every 75,000 km
Replacing the filter every 75,000 km
Gearbox lifespan, km ~300 000
Weight, kg 79 (Audi 01V – 110)

In 1994, the German concern ZF introduced an updated version of the 5HP18 5-speed automatic transmission and in three different modifications with quite significant design differences: the 5HP19 gearbox was intended for rear-wheel drive BMW models with V6 units up to 300 Nm, 5HP19FL or 5HP19FLA automatic transmissions were installed on front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive vehicles under the Audi, Volkswagen and Skoda brands with engines up to W8 with a torque of 370 Nm and finally 5HP19HL or 5HP19HLA for rear-wheel drive Porsches with V6 engines up to 3.6 liters.

By its design, this is a classic automatic transmission with a Raviño double planetary gearbox, a valve body with 7 or 8 solenoids and a torque converter lock in third gear. Also in this transmission there is a Tiptronic or Steptronic function for manual gear selection and the ability to adapt the operation of the transmission to the driving style of its specific owner.

Gear ratios ZF 5HP19

Using the example of a BMW 325i 2002 with a 2.5 liter engine:

Main 3.230
1st 3.665
2nd 1.999
3rd 1.407
4th 1.000
5th 0.742
Reverse 4.096

The transmission was installed on:

  • Audi A4 B5 (8D) in 1994 – 2001; A4 B6 (8E) in 2000 – 2004;
  • Audi A6 C5 (4B) in 1997 – 2005;
  • Audi A8 D2 (4D) in 1995 – 2002;
  • BMW 3-Series E46 in 1998 – 2006;
  • BMW 5-Series E39 in 1998 – 2004;
  • BMW 7-Series E38 in 1998 – 2001;
  • BMW Z4-Series E85 in 2002 – 2005;
  • Jaguar S-Type 1 (X200) in 1999 – 2002;
  • Porsche 911 V (996) in 1997 – 2006;
  • Porsche Boxster 1 (986) in 1996 – 2004; Boxster 2 (987) in 2004 – 2008;
  • Porsche Cayman 1 (987) in 2005 – 2008;
  • Skoda Superb 1 (3U) in 2001 – 2008;
  • Volkswagen Passat B5 (3B) in 1996 – 2005;
  • Volkswagen Phaeton 1 (3D) in 2001 – 2008.

Disadvantages of the ZF 5HP19 gearbox

  • In this automatic transmission, the torque converter can be blocked starting from third gear, and during aggressive driving, its clutch wears out very quickly, clogging the lubricant. Dirty oil reduces the life of the solenoids, especially the main pressure regulator.
  • Severe wear of the torque converter locking clutch leads to vibration of the shaft, which breaks and then completely rotates the oil pump hub bearing. Also, on the Audi modification, the oil pump cover with gears does not last long.
  • Overly active owners who operate their car without warming up may cause the double drum caliper to burst. Also, in automatic transmissions until 1998, the Overdrive clutch drum bushing often wore out.
  • The weak points of the transmission include the not very reliable selector position sensor, short-lived rubber parts: sealing tubes, axle shaft and pump seals, and on the BMW modification, the teeth of the plastic tube of the pump stator often cut off.

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